Alanna Smith, Metua Vaiimene and the Solar Girls at Mangaia's recycling centre. 21100804
Due to limited infrastructure in the Pa Enua, most recyclable waste unfortunately gets transferred straight from households to the local landfill. Mangaia, however, is on its way towards a much-improved waste management system.
The recently built recycling centre near the harbour,
together with a can crusher and new glass crusher means that soon, much of the
recyclable waste can be diverted away from the landfill.
To determine just how much recyclable waste there is
in Mangaia, Te Ipukarea Society (TIS) conducted a mini household waste audit of
7 per cent of the total household population.
We also surveyed businesses about quantities of
imported goods with recyclable packaging.
This work was done with the support of the island
government and the fantastic ‘Solar Girls’ - a group of young women whose
regular employment is maintaining the grounds of the solar farm as well as
other jobs, as required by the island government, including a recent beach
We were fortunate to be able to employ the Solar Girls
to help with the waste audit - a job they took on with great enthusiasm.
The can crusher proved quite fun and they were determined
to increase its efficiency by maximising the number of cans per crush.
They also assisted in completing the audit,
measurements, data collection and interviews with local residents on household waste
TIS member and local resident Metua Vaiimene joined
the Solar Girls in the waste audit and was a big help with the household and
Zeb Revake also tagged along on the rubbish truck
collection to help with interviews and take footage.
Having all this great local assistance made what could
have been a long messy job, a whole lot easier and a lot of fun.
The audit was designed in a way to capture waste generated
over a seven-day period and focused on what recyclable waste is currently being
generated from local households (tin, aluminium, glass and plastic bottles).
Alanna Smith on rubbish collection duty in Mangaia. 21100805
The results can guide the island government in running
its recycling centre in terms of volumes expected and the staffing hours
required to manage the recycling centre.
Preliminary data from Mangaia’s waste audit showed
that plastic waste made up the majority of the waste collected.
Plastic is a major culprit if not reused, as it is
currently a material that has no residual value anywhere in the world.
This makes it very difficult to recycle as no offshore
country is interested in recycling a product of no value.
There is value in aluminium and tin which can be recycled
by offshore countries.
Of the two metals, aluminium is stronger and more
valuable as it is used in so many things such as aircraft, cars and joinery.
Mangaia’s can crusher was previously used by the
Tanga’eo Rangers, established by Allan Tuara in the 1990s.
Sand for building purposes has become a scarce
commodity in Mangaia so there is a lot of interest in reusing the crushed glass
as an alternative to sand, and for filling pot-holes in the roads.
There are some great case studies for using glass in
At Apii Enuamanu Atiu, crushed glass has been used with
cement, sand and gravel to make concrete footpaths as well as the foundations
for a school market stall.
The students are involved at all stages from crushing
the glass, to mixing, to laying the concrete.
Compressed aluminium and tin are waste items that are
of interest to Recycle Cook Islands.
The data collected from the waste audit will also help
identify the cost for shipping and handling costs to get aluminium and tin off
Meitaki Ngao to Anthony Whyte, Metua Vaiimene, Zeb
Revake and the Solar Girl team: Temaleti Sela Taufahema, Rose Samuela, Lydia
Karena, Jono Tereapii, Jaki Herman and Martha Harry for your assistance with
the mini household waste audit.
Thanks also to Alice Leney for advice on conducting
the waste audit.
This project is made possible by Global Environment
Facility, Small Grants Project (GEF SGP).