Jerimaia Samuels dispersing rat bait on Motu Tou, Suwarrow in 2018 rat eradication project. Photo: TIS/22052702
It’s that time of the year again for the Suwarrow Park Rangers to head back to our national park for the next six months to carry out their duty of acting customs and biosecurity officers for passing yachties.
Our rangers won’t be heading up alone this time around, but will be accompanied by a team of 16 made up of both Te Ipukarea Society’s rat eradication team and Marumaru Atua’s sailing crew.
The voyage set to depart Wednesday, June 1,
is to be a 24-day round trip from Rarotonga to Suwarrow. The key objective is
to successfully complete a rat eradication project on motu kena 1 (0.72Ha) and
kena 2 (1.15Ha) on the western side of Suwarrow.
The previous rat eradication project conducted
by Te Ipukarea Society on Suwarrow was in 2018. The five week long eradication
project took place on three islets found on the western side, Motu Tou
(14.67Ha) and two smaller adjacent Kena islets. During a monitoring exercise in
2021 by Te Ipukarea Society, the bigger islet Motu Tou and Kena 1 were found to
be rat free but kena 2, unfortunately, had a remnant population of rats.
To reduce the chance of rats invading the
neighbouring rat free islets, an urgent fundraising campaign was established
towards the end of 2021 to raise the funds to get back to Suwarrow to get Kena
2 rat free. The RAT Race Against Time Campaign was able to generate donations
from both local and international individuals, as well as larger contributions
made by BirdLife International, National Environment Service and the Gordons.
This was supplemented by $5 from each and every TIS water bottle sold this
year. We have come close to reaching the projects target goal of $50,000.
The 2022 eradication team for Te Ipukarea
Society includes those members who took part in the 2018 eradication project
Kelvin Passfield, Alanna Smith and Jerimaia Samuels. They are assisted by
volunteers David Greig, Amanda Torr, Zeb Ravake, and Ana Tiraa. Contributing to
this eradication team are the crew members from the vaka who will also play a
valuable role in rolling out the eradication project. Of course, the two NES
rangers will also be playing a vital supporting role, in particular with
transport to and from the far flung motu on the far side of the lagoon.
In addition to killing any remaining rats
on the Kena motus, the team will also set traps on Motu Tou, to monitor whether
any rats may have returned to that motu. For any rats caught, we will collect
samples for DNA testing to determine whether they were from a remnant rat
population from before, or a reinvasion of rats from an outside source.
We will also check for any more drifting
Fish Aggregation Devices (FADs) that have washed up since our last visit, and
conduct a waste audit to get a better idea of what washes up on the beaches of
our national park.
The removal of rats (kiore) from Suwarrow
National Park will not only have long term terrestrial benefits through the
elimination of threats for ground nesting seabirds, it will also support the
regrowth of native plants. Recent studies in islands in both the Indian and
Pacific Oceans have found that removal of rats can have long term benefits for
coral reefs and soil fertility as well. Higher numbers of nesting seabird
numbers promote coral growth by bringing new nutrients and nitrogen to islands
and their surrounding coral reef ecosystem.